Advanced SSH Configuration
The following configuration is an example ssh client configuration file specific to our clusters. You can use it on Linux, Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), and macOS. It allows you to use tab completion of the clusters, without the
.hpc.yale.edu suffixes (i.e.
ssh farnam or
scp ~/my_file farnam:my_file should work). It will also allow you to re-use and multiplex authenticated sessions. This means clusters that require Duo MFA will not force you to re-authenticate, as you use the same ssh connection to host multiple sessions. If you attempt to close your first connection with others running, it will wait until all others are closed.
Save the text below to
~/.ssh/config and replace
NETID with your Yale netid. Lines that begin with
# will be ignored.
# To re-use your connections with multi-factor authentication (e.g. Ruddle) # Uncomment the two lines below #ControlMaster auto #ControlPath ~/.ssh/tmp/%h_%p_%r # If you use a ssh key that is named something other than id_rsa, # you can specify your private key like this: # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/other_key_rsa # Uncomment the ForwardX11 options line to enable X11 Forwarding by default (no -Y necessary) # On a Mac you still need xquartz installed Host *.hpc.yale.edu farnam grace milgram ruddle User NETID # ForwardX11 yes Host farnam HostName farnam.hpc.yale.edu Host grace HostName grace.hpc.yale.edu Host milgram Hostname milgram.hpc.yale.edu Host ruddle HostName ruddle.hpc.yale.edu
For multiplexing to work, the
~/.ssh/tmp directory must exist. Create it with
mkdir -p ~/.ssh/tmp
For more info on ssh configuration, run:
Store Passphrase and Use SSH Agent on macOS
By default, macOS won't always remember your ssh key passphrase and keep your ssh key in the agent for SSH agent forwarding. In order to not repeatedly enter your passphrase and instead store it in your keychain, enter the following command on your Mac (just once):
ssh-add -K ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Or whatever your private key file is named.
If you use homebrew your default OpenSSH may have changed. To add your key(s) to the system ssh agent, use the absolute path:
Then and add the following to your
~/.ssh/config file (create this file if it doesn't exist, or add these settings to the
Host *.hpc.yale.edu ... rule if it does).
Host *.hpc.yale.edu farnam grace milgram ruddle UseKeychain yes AddKeystoAgent yes
You can view a list of the keys currently in your agent with: